early warning

By | April 19, 2020

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Executive Summary

  1. A Guide to Safe Schools
    About This Guide
    Using the Guide To Develop a Plan of Action
  2. Characteristics of a School That Is Safe and Responsive to All Children
  3. Early Warning Signs
    Principles for Identifying the Early Warning Signs of School Violence
    Early Warning Signs
    Identifying and Responding to Imminent Warning Signs
    Using the Early Warning Signs To Shape Intervention Practices
  4. Intervention: Getting Help for Troubled Children
    Principles Underlying Intervention
    Intervening Early with Students Who Are at Risk for Behavioral Problems
    Providing Intensive, Individualized Interventions for Students with Severe Behavioral Problems
    Providing a Foundation To Prevent and Reduce Violent Behavior
  5. Developing a Prevention and Response Plan
    Creating the Violence Prevention and Response Plan
    Forming the Prevention and Response Team
  6. Responding to Crisis
    Principles Underlying Crisis Response
    Intervening During a Crisis To Ensure Safety
    Responding in the Aftermath of Crisis
  7. Conclusion
  8. Methodology, Contributors, and Research Support
    Organizations Supporting This Guide

American Association of School Administrators
American Counseling Association
American Federation of Teachers
American School Counselors Association
Council of Administrators of Special Education
Council for Exceptional Children
Federation of Families for Children’s Mental Health
National Association of Elementary School Principals
National Association of School Psychologists
National Association of Secondary School Principals
National Association of State Boards of Education
National Education Association
National Mental Health Association
National Middle School Association
National PTA
National School Boards Association
National School Public Relations Association
Police Executive Research Forum

The full text of this public domain publication is available at the Department’s home page at http://www.ed.gov/offices/OSERS/OSEP/earlywrn.html and in alternate formats upon request. For more information, please contact us at:

U.S. Department of Education
Special Education and Rehabilitative Services
Room 3131 Mary E. Switzer Building
Washington, D.C. 20202-2524

For printed copies of the guide, please contact ED PUBS toll-free at 1-877-4ED-PUBS (1-877-433-7827), or by e-mail at edpuborders@aspensys.com.

For copies of the guide in alternative formats, please contact:

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This guide was produced by the Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice of the American Institutes for Research in collaboration with the National Association of School Psychologists, under a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Office of Special Education Programs (grant # H237T60005).

The development of this guide was supported by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, Office of Special Education Programs, under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Dissemination of the guide was supported by the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program.

Dwyer, K., Osher, D., and Warger, C. (1998). Early warning, timely response: A guide to safe schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

August 1998